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Linking Renewable Energy Resources Around the World

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Global Model Index

 

 

  1. World 2
  2. Regional World III
  3. Regional World IV
  4. Towards a Fossil Free Energy Future
  5. Renewable Energy: Sources for Fuels and Electricity
  6. IEA/ORAU Long-Term Global Energy-CO2 Model (A84PC)
  7. World Integrated Model
  8. Global 2000 Revisited: What Shall We Do?
  9. World3 (1974)
  10. World3/91
  11. STRATAGEM
  12. FUGI - Futures of Global Interdependence
  13. GEWS - Global Early Warning System
  14. GLOBUS - Generating Long-Term Options By Using Simulation
  15. SARUM - Systems Analysis Research Unit Model
  16. GIOM - The Global Input-Output Model
  17. SIM/GDP
  18. IFs90 - International Futures
  19. LINK
  20. Threshold 21
  21. Global Recall 2.0
  22. The Bariloche Model
  23. Daisyworld
  24. SimEarth: the Living Planet
  25. The Global Dilemma: Guns or Butter

Acknowledgments


Help: Model Name - acronym description

Platform
Language
Description
Contact Information.


Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Energy, Population, Politics, Natural Resources

** Note: Matrix contains mainly socio-economic models, and doesn't address a wide range of other models created to address specific fields such as climate/GCM (general circulation model), manufacturing, traffic/transportation, plant energy exchange, etc. This is clearly a subjective classification. Many of the newer models add lots of feedback.

** Note: If some information is not included, that indicates that it was not released for publication. These models have generally followed political/economic decisions/policy lines. Chaos theory models are about 10% accurate, while other models are about 7% accurate.

** Note: SIMearth has been used to create artificial societies for short-term and medium-term policies and decisions.

** Note: GENI is looking for:

  1. Internet chat / dialogue / hypertext links / communications about models.
  2. Funding source to continue work on this matrix via a library, management, and model training.
  3. Location of a multi-user version of SIMearth for use on a UNIX platform, written in TCLTK(?).

1. World2

IBM PC compatibles.

World Dynamics program written in DYNAMO language. BASIC may also be run so interactive or batch use may be employed.

Jay Forrester's World Dynamics (1971) is a model which analyzes the relationships between population, pollution, capital investment and natural resources. Limits to Growth successor model allows for the study of these variables and their relationships.

Contact: Peter Brecke for questions on BASIC conversion to PCs as well as specifics on World2.

Peter Brecke School of International Affairs
Georgia Institute of Technology
Atlanta, GA 30318-0610
Email: peter.brecke@inta.gatech.edu

Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Energy, Population, Natural Resources
 

2. Regional World III

DOS/ Windows and Mac versions available.

Model written in FORTRAN

This model includes explicit decision-making criteria based upon the user's ethical persuasions. The regional structure allows simulation of differing sets of social/economic variables within individual nations or political blocs. This user-interactive system has successfully tracked the direction of future socioeconomic trends.

Contact: Frederick Kile and Arnold Rabehl, Aid Association for Lutherans, 1579 North Douglas St., Appleton, WI 54911

Areas included in model:

Economics, Energy, Population, Natural Resources
 

3. Regional World IV

Integrated World Model (Regional World Model IV)
DOS/ Windows & Mac versions, written in FORTRAN with 4 interrelated programs that consist of 84 subroutines

The new model, Integrated World Model (Regional World IV) integrates the user-decision-maker mechanism into a computer-based socioeconomic model. It includes traditional user-choice functions and adaptive value-driven interactive processes.

Contact: Frederick Kile and Arnold Rabehl, Aid Association for Lutherans, 1579 North Douglas St., Appleton, WI 54911.

For more inf. contact: Peter Brecke

Areas included in model:

Economics, Energy, Population, Natural Resources
 

4. Towards a Fossil Free Energy Future

Towards a Fossil Free Energy Future (1993)
IBM PC compatibles

Three computer models were utilized in the Fossil Free Energy Scenario (FFES) Primary computer model = LEAP (Long-range Energy Alternative Planning).

This paper analysis presents a main scenario and several variants for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and the technical methods and assumptions used to develop them. Goal = phase out fuel use over the next century in order to combat global warming.

Contact: Michael Lazarus, Tellus Institute, 11 Arlington St., Boston, MA 02116-3411

Areas included in model:

--, Environment, Energy, Population, Natural Resources
 

5. Renewable Energy: Sources for Fuels and Electricity

Renewable Energy: Sources for Fuels and Electricity
No software exists. Paper model only.

This model, written by Thomas B. Johansson, et al., states that if the global community were to make the transition to a renewable-intensive energy economy, there would be environmental, social, and other benefits not measured by economic indicators.

Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Energy, Population, Natural Resources
 

6. IEA/ORAU Long-Term Global Energy-CO2 Model (A84PC)

The IEA/ORAU Long-Term Global Energy-CO2 Model: Personal Computer Version A84PC (1986)

IBM PC compatible.

Model is available in two forms - ready to run and uncompiled FORTRAN.

The J.A. Edmonds and J.M. Reilly model enables the user to modify, interactively, a total of 39 different major assumptions from 12 categories (e.g., population, labor productivity, and synthetic fuel costs) through the use of an international data editor. Time frame = 100 years into the future. The model consists of four parts: supply, demand, energy balance and CO2 emissions. An uncertainty analysis is encompassed.

Contact: Center for Global Environmental Studies, CO2 Information Analysis Center
Environmental Sciences Division
Building 1000 MS 6335
PO Box 2008
Oak Ridge, TN 37831

Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Energy, Population, Natural Resources
 

7. World Integrated Model

World Integrated Model (WIM)

DOS/ Windows & Mac versions, coded in FORTRAN and consists of 49 subroutines.

WIM began in 1972 as a joint project between Mihajlo Mesarovic and Eduard Pestel. WIM is a model which utilizes 21,000 numbers to describe the state of the global system at any given point in time. The world is divided into 12 regions and represents integrated global variables such as population, energy, natural resources, trade, etc. GLOBESIGHT has superseded WIM. WIM was originally funded by the Volkswagen Foundation.

Contact: Peter Brecke
School of International Affairs
Georgia Institute of Technology
Atlanta, GA 30318-0610
Email: peter.brecke@inta.gatech.edu

Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Energy, Population, Natural Resources
 

8. Global 2000 Revisited: What Shall We Do?

Global 2000 Revisited: What Shall We Do? (1993)

No software exists. Paper model is an update of the computer model Global 2000

Global 2000, used during the Carter administration as a decision-making tool, is a model which covers the critical issues of the 21st century. It is based on projections of probable changes in the world economy, population, resources, and environment. The updated paper version gives an in-depth analysis of these issues and further predictions for the turn of the century.

Contact: Gerald O. Barney
Institute for 21st Century Studies
1611 North Kent St., Suite 204
Arlington, VA 22209-2111
Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Energy, Population, Politics, Natural Resources
 

9. World3 (1974)

World3 (1992)
The World3 code from 1971 needs a DYNAMO compiler. It is run on DOS/ Windows.

World3 was designed by Dennis & Donella Meadows and later became the subject for their book, Limits To Growth. The sequel Beyond the Limits used a slightly modified model called World3/91. World3 includes a range of scenarios from disaster to sustainability. Assumptions are programmable.

Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Energy, Population, Natural Resources
 

10. World3/91

World3/91

IBM PC compatibles. Needs a STELLA simulation package.

This model was developed from the Meadows' book Beyond the Limits which demonstrated that the current trends could be manipulated to result in economic demise or a sustainable future, depending on the causal relationships between variables over the long term.

Contact: Dennis Meadows, University of New Hampshire, Laboratory for Interactive Learning - Hood House, 89 Main St., Durham, NH 03824-3577, Tel: 603-862-2186 FAX: 603-862-1488

Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Energy, Population, Natural Resources
 

11. STRATEGEM

STRATE-GEM

MAC, IBM PC compatibles

STRATAGEM is a dynamic simulation addressing global issues such as economic and population growth in a decision-making environment. The World Bank is currently using this sophisticated game in its training programs.

Contact: Dennis Meadows, University of New Hampshire, Laboratory for Interactive Learning - Hood House, 89 Main St., Durham, NH 03824-3577, Tel: 603-862-2186 FAX: 603-862-1488

Areas included in model:

Economics, Population, Politics
 

12. FUGI - Futures of Global Interdependence

FUGI Futures of Global Interdependence

Data collection in process

FUGI, the longest-lived global integrated model was the first computer simulation to be created outside of the western world. It was developed as a tool for providing global issues to the world community for the purpose of policy formation. Originally a compilation of three models, Yoichi Kaya of Osaka University undertook this project in 1976.

Contact: Professor Akira Onishi, see GEWS inf. on next page.

Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Population, Politics, Natural Resources
 

13. GEWS - Global Early Warning System

GEWS (Global Early Warning System)

Data collection in process

GEWS, the longest lived global model, has undergone continuous development. It began in the mid 1970's under the name of FUGI as a response to Donella & Dennis Meadows and J. Randers' World3. Variables include: disarmament, foreign aid, protectionism, and economic growth. The updated version includes hard variables such as economics as well as soft variables such as human rights, and specifically is a tool used in locating displaced persons. GEWS is funded by the Japanese Ministry for International Trade & Industry (MITI) and the Japanese Economic Planning Agency (EPA).

Contact: Professor Akira Onishi @ the Institute of Applied Economic Research at Soka University 1-236, Tangi-cho Hachioji-shi, Tokyo 192 JAPAN Tel: 81-426-91-2211 or 9430, FAX: 81-426-91-3719

Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Population, Politics, Natural Resources
 

14. GLOBUS - Generating Long-Term Options By Using Simulation

GLOBUS (Generating Long-Term Options By Using Simulation)

IBM PC compatibles

Micro-GLOBUS runs on DOS/ Windows

GLOBUS is one of the most recent integrated models. It has sub-models for domestic politics, international relations, and government budgetary decision-making. There are no comprehensive scenarios for food, energy, or demographics. Co-designed by the late Karl Deutsch.

Contact: Professor Stuart Bremer, Dept. of Political Science, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY 13901. Tel: 607-777-4398

Areas included in model:

Economics, Population, Politics
 

15. SARUM - Systems Analysis Research Unit Model

SARUM (Systems Analysis Research Unit Model)

Mainframe computer

SARUM began in 1974 under Peter Roberts. It was the starting point for other models, as it was a multi regional economic model which encompassed environmental issues. The first practical use was in the Interfutures Project of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development - U.K. Basic goal of the model is Pareto's Optimum, increasing the quality of life for the masses without diminishing another group's well-being.

Contact: Peter Brecke

Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Energy, Population,Natural Resources
 

16. GIOM - The Global Input-Output Model

The Global Input-Output Model (GIOM)

Mainframe computers, partially run on PCs

The Global Input-Output Model was developed by Wassily Leontif, Petri, and Carter in the mid 1970's. The model contains 16 regions with 44 industries each, and linearly maps economic trends over 6 decades. Funded by the United Nations, they also published a companion work entitled The Future of the World Economy (1977). WI is known as the UN Model which was later revised by Lentil and Fay Du chin at NY in 1983. The most recent version (The World Model) is outlined in Du chin and Flange's book, The Future of the Environment (1994), and is funded by the Norwegian government.

Contact: Dr. Faye Duchin at NYU, New York, NY

Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Energy, Population, Politics, Natural Resources
 

17. SIM/GDP

SIM/GDP

Data collection in process

SIM/GDP is a socio-economic model under the direction of Viktor Gelovani. This model, created in 1977, is a conglomeration of sub-models dealing with science and technology which interact with the main global model.

Contact: Sergey Dubovsky @ Institute for Systems Analysis, Russian Academy of Sciences, 9 Prospekt 60-Let Oktyabria 117312, Moscow RUSSIA Tel: 7-095-135-6093, Email: postmast@isa.msk.su

Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Energy, Population, Natural Resources
 

18. IFs90 - International Futures

IFs90 (Intl. Futures)

IBM PC compatibles, Microsoft BASIC

Designed by Barry Hughes in 1990, IFs90 incorporates significant aspects of WIM, SARUM, and WIOM. IFs90 is a human development model which represents demographics, energy supply, food production, and economic development in 10 global regions. It is an interactive model with a base case scenario. The mid-80's version of IFs was the first integrated global simulation to run on a PC.

Contact: Barry B. Hughes, Vice Provost for Graduate Studies, University of Denver, CO 80208-001

Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Energy, Population, Politics, Natural Resources
 

19. LINK

LINK

United Nations in-house mainframe computer

LINK began in 1969 with 7 industrialized country models. LINK is an econometrics model used by the United Nations for policy analyses and economic decision-making. It is a short to mid-term model which encompasses national economic analyses. It essentially "links" various macroeconomics models for 79 countries/regions.

Contact: Peter Pauly
Project LINK Coordinator
University of Toronto
140 St. George St.
Toronto, ON M5S 1A1

Areas included in model:

Economics, Population, Natural Resources
 

20. Threshold 21

IBM PC compatibles

Threshold 21 is a national decision-making model based on sustainable development. The Millennium Institute has currently applied the model to Bangladesh in interactive or base-case versions. China, India, and the Australian case are in progress. The core of Threshold 21 is the World Bank's Revised Minimum Standard Model (RMSM) which creates an economic-centric base. The parameters include demographics, health care, food and nutrition, international trade, national accounts, environment, education, agriculture, etc.

Contact: Dr. Weishuang Qu, Director of Information Systems, Millennium Institute, 1611 North Kent St., Ste. 204, Arlington, VA 22209-2135

Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Energy, Population, Politics, Natural Resources
 

21. Global Recall 2.0

Global Recall 2.0

Mac Plus, Classic or above with 2 Mb, System 6.05 or higher

Global Recall 2.0 is based on Buckminster Fuller's World Game which enables the participants to allocate resources with the maximum return to the planet. Data categories include 8 sectors, 200 scaled maps, and a newsletter function which provides vital information.

Contact: World Game Institute
3215 Race Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104-2597
215-387-0220

Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Energy, Population, Politics, Natural Resources
 

22. The Bariloche Model

The Bariloche Model

Mainframe computers.

This model's principal focus is the pursuit of the question, "What future world would be best for humankind?" through the use of mathematics optimization. The Bariloche Model was a response to World3, and originated from a meeting in Brazil with the Club of Rome and the Universitario Pesquisas de Rio de Janeiro. The Bariloche Group preferred a model which would outline the path to sustainable development rather than predict doomsday. The Bariloche Model was officially presented in 1974 to IIASA.

Contact: Jacqueline Prud'Homme
International Development Research Center
PO Box 8500, Ottawa, CAN K1G 3H9
Tel: (613) 236-6163
FAX: (613) 238-7230

Areas included in model:

Economics, Population, Natural Resources
 

23. Daisyworld

Daisyworld

Mac Plus or above.

Daisyworld is based on James Lovelock's Gaia Hypothesis of an interconnected Earth. This is an interactive model which focuses on a planet like Earth, yet much more simplistic. The basic assumption is that the Daisyworld's living systems affect climate. Daisies are a variable of manipulation as is the sun's intensity. The user can adjust the equations and model parameters.

Contact: Kenneth Simons
Dept. of Social and Decision Sciences
Carnegie-Mellon University
Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890

Areas included in model:

Environment, Energy, Natural Resources
 

24. SimEarth: the Living Planet

SimEarth The Living Planet

DOS, Windows and Mac versions

SimEarth is a planet simulation game which may be run in two modes: game and experimental. Variables revolve around all facets of Earth such as climate, atmosphere, flora, fauna, beings, etc. SimEarth is the closest traditional model to the newly developed "artificial society" simulations.

Contact: Designers Will Wright and Fred Haslam, MAXIS
Two Theater Square, Ste. 230
Orinda, CA 94563-3401
Tel: 510-254-9700
FAX: 510-253-3736

Areas included in model:

Environment, Energy, Population, Politics, Natural Resources
 

25. The Global Dilemma: Guns or Butter

The Global Dilemma: Guns or Butter
IBM PC compatible, Mac Plus, SE or II computer

This model is a computer simulation game centered around macroeconomics. The purpose of the game is to control the world's resources, make weapons, and conquer the world. Contact: Chris Crawford
Mindscape Inc., 19808 Nordhoff Place, Chatsworth, CA 91311

Areas included in model:

Economics, Environment, Population, Politics, Natural Resources
 

Acknowledgments

Special thanks to John McLeod for his simulation expertise and insights, Peter Brecke for his abundant information, editing, and advice, Walter Venable for his matrix design and formatting, and Tom Zaengle for all of his help.

Global Model Index compiled by Amy Bruton for Global Energy Network Institute (GENI), 1995.

All contents Copyright © 1995 , Global Energy Network Institute (GENI). All Rights Reserved.

Technical Articles - Library, Global Model Index, World 2, Regional World 3, Regional World 4 Towards a Fossil Free Energy Futer, Renewable Energy Sources For Fuels and Elecricity, IEA/ORAU Long-Term Global Energy, World Integrate Model, Global2000 Revisited, Stratagem, Future s of Global Interdepence, Global Early Warming System, Generating Long Term Option By Using Simulation, Systems analyis Research Unit Model, The Global Input Model, Out model, International Futures, Threshold 21, Global Recall, The Banloche Model, Disyworld, SimEarth the Living Planet, The Global Dilemma Guns or Butter

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